The Yarra Valley wine region east of Melbourne, Victoria is a cool climate region best known for producing Chardonnay and Pinot noir. Production in the region can be split into two distinct areas. The first of these are the predominantly grey soil of the Valley Floor surrounding the towns of Lilydale, Yarra Glen and Healesville. This area is 50 to 80 m above sea level, with the gently sloped hills having marginally warmer average temperatures than other areas. Conversely, the red soils of the Upper Yarra are much younger and more fertile and commonly produce Chardonnay and Pinot Noir. These soils surround the towns of Warburton, Hoddles Creek and Seville.
The first vines were planted in 1838 and developed into a successfully wine region in subsequent decades, however economic decline and pressure from pests saw all commercial vineyards converted to dairy farms by 1937. The last 50 years has seen a resurgence in wine producing from the Yarra Valley with many prominent makers now situated in the area.