Farming in Western Central Queensland is dominated by wheat, tritacle and oat cropping in the winter, and maize, sorghum and peanut production in the summer. Small areas of mungbeans, sunflower and cotton also occur. Sown pastures occur in some areas and forage cropping is also used to fatten cattle.
Rainfall is highly variable and dominated by a marked seasonality, with approximately two thirds of annual rainfall falling in the warmer months from October to March. Rainfall events with high erosive potential are common in this region. Crop production can also be constrained by high evaporative demand and heat stress in the summer, and ineffective rainfall due to high evaporation.