The grain cropping areas of the Wide Bay-Burnett region are restricted to an area of deeply weathered basalt found around the town of Kingaroy. The area is in characterized by hot summers and mild winters. Rainfall is summer dominant, with the majority of rain occurring during high intensity rainfall events, with high potential to cause erosion.
This area has historically been famous for cropping, dairying and timber products and is now an important summer grain producing area concentrating on peanuts, navy beans and maize. Economic downturn in recent years has seen some diversification from conventional cropping species into native flowers, fruit, vegetables and vine crops such as grapes. The intensity of the farming practices over the last 50 years has caused some cause for concern regarding land degradation, with declines in soil structure and nutrient status and soil acidification being the major problems reported by landholders.